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Sunday, April 13, 2014

Shalamar Garden (Mughal Garden), Lahore

The Shalamar Garden, also written Shalimar Garden, was built by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Construction began in 1641 A.D. and was completed in a year.

Shalamar Garden is a great example of Mughal architecture. Covered area of garden is approx. 80 acres surrounded by a high wall of brick work. There are three successive terraces in the middle of the garden, raised one above the level of the other by a height of 12 or 15 feet (4 or 5 m). These terraces were named as:

1. Farah Baksh means Bestower of Pleasure. (Upper Terrace)
2. Faiz Baksh means Bestower of Goodness. (Middle Terrace)
3. Hayat Baksh means Bestower of life. (Lower Terrace)

A canal joins the middle terrace into a large marble basin. From this basin and from the canal, rise 450 fountains which throw up water that is subsequently received into marble tanks. The channels of water that weave through the whole garden are fed by this canal. The gardens contain white marble buildings in typical Shah Jahani style. 

The Shalimar Garden was gifted by King to "Mian" family and remained under this family more than 350 years, till then were among the best preserved Mughal gardens. It has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites List along with Royal Fort of Lahore. in danger. The site has been listed as Endangered since 2000.

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